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30+ Flutter Interview Questions And Answers

Flutter is an open-source UI software development kit created by Google. It's used for crafting beautiful, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase. It speeds up the development process and reduces the cost and complexity of app production across platforms. Knowledge of Flutter is crucial for developers who build cross-platform apps. Below are carefully crafted interview questions designed for both beginners and those with advanced knowledge.


Most asked Flutter interview questions



What is Flutter and what language does it use?

Flutter is a UI toolkit for creating visually appealing, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase. It uses the Dart programming language.


How do you create a simple Flutter app?

To create a simple Flutter app, you can use the flutter create command in the terminal followed by the app's name. This command will generate a starter app project including all necessary files.


Can you explain what a widget is in Flutter?

In Flutter, a widget is a fundamental building block. Everything, including layout (Row, Column), interactive elements (Button), and styling (Text), is a widget.


What is Stateful Widget?

A Stateful Widget is a widget that can redraw itself when its state changes. Examples include a slider or a checkbox since their visuals change based on user interaction.


What is State Management in Flutter?

State Management in Flutter involves handling the data that can change over the lifetime of a widget. It includes the display, user interaction, and app lifecycle events.


What are keys in Flutter and when should you use them?

Keys are identifiers for widgets, elements, and semantics. Use Keys when you want to preserve the state of a widget while the widget's location changes within your app's widget tree.


Guess what this code does

  children: [
    Text('Flutter interview'),

This code displays a Column widget containing two children: a Text widget displaying the phrase 'Flutter interview' and an Icon widget displaying a star.


Why do we use the Scaffold widget in Flutter apps?

The Scaffold widget is used to implement the basic visual layout structure of a material app such as appbars, drawers, snack bars, and more.


How would you work with lists in Flutter?

You create lists in Flutter using the ListView widget. It can display a list of items in a scrollable list.


What is the difference between hot reload and hot restart in Flutter?

Hot reload updates the UI almost instantly without losing the app state, while hot restart resets the app state and begins again.


Explain the use of 'pubspec.yaml' file in a Flutter project.

The 'pubspec.yaml' file is where you declare your app's dependencies, including packages and assets like images and fonts.


What is a route in Flutter?

A route is a screen or page in a Flutter app. Navigation between routes/screens is managed by the Navigator widget.


What are packages and plugins in Flutter?

Packages are a collection of Dart code that adds functionality, which can be shared. Plugins, on the other hand, are packages that allow more platform-specific functionality, interfacing with native code.


How do you handle user input in Flutter?

User input in Flutter can be handled using Stateful Widgets that hold the input data and interactive widgets like TextField that collect user input.


What does this code check?

void main() {

This code is the entry point of a Flutter app, which invokes the runApp function with MyApp as the root widget.

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Explain the difference between StatelessWidget and StatefulWidget?

StatelessWidget renders with the same visuals unlike StatefulWidget which can redraw based on internal state changes over time.


What are the lifecycle stages of a StatefulWidget?

StatefulWidget has several lifecycle stages: createState, initState, didChangeDependencies, build, didUpdateWidget, setState, deactivate, dispose.


How do you manage state with Provider in Flutter?

With Provider, you lift state up to a common ancestor, making it available for child widgets. It provides, listens, and reacts to state changes efficiently.


Explain how the BuildContext works in Flutter?

BuildContext is a reference to the location of a widget within the structure of the widget tree, which can be used to refer and access data in the tree.


Discuss the use of streams in Flutter.

Streams are used to handle data sequences asynchronously in time. They provide a way to react to data as it flows in the app, especially for real-time features.


What is InheritedWidget and when would you use it?

InheritedWidget is a way to efficiently propagate info down the widget tree so that the children can access it. It's used to provide data and changes notifications to widgets.


Interpret this code snippet

  stream: myStream,
  builder: (BuildContext context, AsyncSnapshot snapshot) {
     return Text('${}');

This snippet builds a widget that listens to a stream of integers (myStream). It will display the value as text whenever the stream emits a new integer.


Explain the concept of immutability in Flutter.

Immutability in Flutter means that widgets or objects do not change their state once created. To change the app state, new instances of objects are created.


How do you optimize Flutter app's performance?

Performance can be optimized by avoiding unnecessary rebuilds, using const widgets, efficient list building, keeping widgets stateless where possible, and profiling app performance.


What is the difference between 'main()' and 'runApp()' functions in Flutter?

The 'main()' function serves as the entry point, while 'runApp()' initializes the app and attaches it to the screen, starting the widget lifecycle.


How do you write a test for a widget in Flutter?

To write widget tests in Flutter, you create a WidgetTester instance to interact and verify that the widgets perform as expected with the test framework.


What are GlobalKeys and when should you use them?

GlobalKeys uniquely identify widgets across the entire app. These are useful when you need to access a widget from outside its build method or maintain state when widgets move in the tree.


Can you explain the use of 'const' keyword in Flutter?

The 'const' keyword is used to represent compile-time constants. When applied to widgets, it makes them immutable and can improve performance by reducing rebuilds.


What is a mixin in Dart?

A mixin is a way to add the capabilities of another class or multiple classes to your own without inheritance, providing a form of code reuse.


Explain how you would implement an animation in Flutter.

To implement animation, you use the AnimationController and Tween classes that interpolate between values. These values can then be applied to widget properties creating smooth transitions.


Flutter Interview Tips

Understand the Question

  • Take a moment to fully process the question you've been asked. Don't rush into an answer without understanding what's being asked. If something isn't clear, ask for clarification. Reflect on the question's intent and consider your response carefully, ensuring that it aligns with the question's requirements. This approach demonstrates to interviewers that you are thoughtful and thorough in your problem-solving.

Use the STAR Method

  • When confronted with behavioral questions, the Situation, Task, Action, Result (STAR) method can be your guiding star. First, describe the context of the situation you were in. Then, clarify the tasks involved. After that, detail the actions you took to address the situation. Finally, discuss the results of your actions. By structuring your answers this way, you'll offer a clear, concise narrative that showcases your competencies effectively.

Stay Positive

  • Maintain a positive tone, even when discussing challenges or failures. Frame your experiences as learning opportunities and showcase how you've used these situations to grow professionally. Avoid talking negatively about previous employers or colleagues, and instead focus on what each experience taught you and how it has made you a better developer.

Be Specific with Technical Responses

  • When answering technical questions, be as specific as possible. Use precise terms, and if you're discussing code, reference exact functions, methods, or classes when applicable. Demonstrating a clear grasp of the technical material will reassure the interviewers of your hands-on expertise. If a technical question stumps you, explain your thought process and how you would find a solution.

Backup Claims with Examples

  • Whenever you claim to have a particular skill or experience, back it up with concrete examples. If you say you're adept at problem-solving, provide a specific instance when you solved a complex coding issue. Illustrating your skills with real-life scenarios adds credibility to your statements and helps the interviewer visualize your capabilities in action.


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The cost can vary based on experience and location, but our starting rate is as affordable as $45/hour. Read more

What is the hourly rate for Flutter developer?

Our hourly rate for hiring an expert Flutter developer begins at just $45/hour, providing a cost-effective solution for your tech needs. Read more

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