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30+ CSS Interview Questions And Answers

CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in HTML or XML. CSS enhances the appearance of web pages by applying styles to various elements, such as layout, colors, and fonts. Ten years after its inception, CSS remains a powerful tool for web designers to create visually appealing and consistent user experiences. In job interviews, CSS-related questions often focus on both basic understanding and advanced techniques.


Most asked CSS interview questions



What is CSS, and why is it used?

CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, is used to style and layout web pages. It helps define how HTML elements are displayed and arranged.


How do you include CSS in an HTML document?

CSS can be included in HTML using the style attribute, by embedding CSS inside a [removed] tag, or by linking to an external CSS file using the tag.


What is the CSS box model?

The CSS box model describes the rectangular boxes generated for elements. It includes margins, borders, padding, and the actual content.


What is the purpose of the 'class' and 'id' selectors in CSS?

The class selector applies styles to multiple elements, while the id selector targets a single unique element.


How would you center a block element horizontally on a page?

div { width: 50%; margin: 0 auto; }

To center a block element, set the width and use margin: auto.


What is a CSS pseudo-class?

A pseudo-class is used to define the special state of an element, such as :hover, :visited, or :focus.


How can you apply a style to a specific element with a particular attribute?

a[target='_blank'] { color: red; }

Use attribute selectors to target elements with specific attributes.


What is the difference between padding and margin?

Padding is the space inside an element, while the margin is the space outside an element.


How do you change the background color of an element?

Use the background-color property to change an element's background color.


What does the 'display: none' property do?

The display: none property hides an element, making it invisible and removing it from the document flow.


What is CSS specificity?

CSS specificity determines which CSS rule applies when multiple rules could match the same element.


Can you explain the 'position' property in CSS?

The position property specifies how an element is positioned in the document. Values include static, relative, absolute, fixed, and sticky.


How can you create a simple CSS animation?

@keyframes example { from {background-color: red;} to {background-color: yellow;} } div { animation-name: example; animation-duration: 4s; }

Use the @keyframes rule to define the animation and the animation-name and animation-duration properties to apply it.


What is the difference between 'inline' and 'block' elements?

Inline elements don't start on a new line and only take up as much width as necessary, while block elements start on a new line and take up the full width available.


How do you make a list horizontal?

Set display: inline or inline-block for the list items to make a list horizontal.

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What are CSS Grid and Flexbox, and when would you use each?

CSS Grid is used for two-dimensional layouts, while Flexbox is better for one-dimensional layouts.


How do CSS preprocessors like SASS or LESS enhance CSS?

CSS preprocessors add features like variables, nesting, and mixins, making CSS more maintainable and easier to write.


Explain the difference between 'rem' and 'em' units in CSS.

rem units are relative to the root element's font size, while em units are relative to the parent element's font size.


What is the use of the 'z-index' property in CSS?

The z-index property controls the stacking order of elements. Higher values appear above lower values.


How can you implement a CSS grid layout?

.container { display: grid; grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 1fr); grid-gap: 10px; }

Use display: grid and define the grid-template-columns and grid-gap properties to create a grid layout.


What are CSS custom properties (variables)?

:root { --primary-color: #333; } .example { color: var(--primary-color); }

CSS custom properties, or variables, allow you to store values in a central place and reuse them. Use the var() function to access them.


How can you create a responsive design using media queries?

@media (max-width: 600px) { .container { flex-direction: column; } }

Use media queries to apply styles based on device characteristics like screen width.


Explain the concept of a CSS reset and its importance.

A CSS reset normalizes styles across different browsers, ensuring a consistent baseline for styling your web pages.


What is the 'object-fit' property used for?

The object-fit property defines how content like images or videos should be resized to fit their container.


How do you implement responsive typography in CSS?

Use relative units like rem or viewport units (vw, vh) to create scalable typography that adjusts with the screen size.


Explain the difference between 'absolute' and 'fixed' positioning.

Absolute positioning removes the element from the document flow and positions it relative to its nearest positioned ancestor. Fixed positioning also removes the element from flow but positions it relative to the viewport.


What is CSS BEM methodology, and why is it useful?

BEM (Block, Element, Modifier) is a naming convention that helps make CSS more maintainable and readable by creating modular components.


How can you create a CSS-only dropdown menu?

.menu { list-style-type: none; } .menu > li { position: relative; } .menu li ul { display: none; position: absolute; } .menu li:hover ul { display: block; }

Use CSS :hover pseudo-class combined with position properties to show and hide submenus.


What are CSS transitions, and how do you apply them?

div { transition: background-color 0.5s ease; } div:hover { background-color: red; }

CSS transitions enable you to change property values smoothly (over a given time). Use the transition property to define the effect.


What is the difference between 'transform' and 'translate' in CSS?

transform is a property that applies multiple transformation functions to an element (like rotate, scale). translate is one of these functions and moves an element from its current position.


CSS Interview Tips

Understand the Question Before Answering

  • Before you start answering, make sure you understand exactly what is being asked. If something is not clear, don't hesitate to ask for clarification. Taking a moment to fully understand the question can prevent you from going off on irrelevant tangents. For instance, if asked to explain a CSS concept, know whether they want a definition, a use case example, or a code demonstration. Clarifying helps you stay focused and relevant.

Provide Context in Your Answers

  • When you're answering a question, it's valuable to provide a bit of context or background. For example, if asked about how CSS Grid works, you might briefly mention why it was introduced and what challenges it addresses. Providing context can show your depth of understanding and help the interviewer grasp your thought process. It also makes your answer more comprehensive and meaningful.

Be Honest About What You Don't Know

  • If you're unsure about a question, it's better to admit it rather than trying to guess or make something up. You could say something like, 'I'm not entirely sure about that, but I can explain how I would find out.' This shows that you are honest and willing to learn, which are valuable traits in any employee. Moreover, it could turn the question into a discussion about problem-solving strategies and resourcefulness, which are key skills in tech roles.

Use Real-World Examples

  • Where possible, tie your answers to real-world experiences. For instance, if asked about your experience with responsive design, explain a project where you had to ensure compatibility across different devices. Describe the challenges and how you overcame them. Real-world examples not only validate your skills but also make your answers more engaging and relatable for the interviewer.

Show Your Enthusiasm

  • Your attitude during an interview can be just as important as your technical skills. Show enthusiasm for the role and the technologies you'll be working with. If you enjoy working with CSS and web design, let that passion come through in your answers. Enthusiasm can be infectious, and showing genuine interest can leave a positive impression on your interviewer. It can also make the conversation more enjoyable for both you and the person interviewing you.


How much is HTML CSS hourly rate?

The hourly rate for HTML and CSS developers can vary based on experience and location. However, on average, you can expect to pay around $45 to $75 per hour. Read more

How much does a CSS developer earn in the US?

In the United States, the average annual salary for a CSS developer ranges from $50,000 to $85,000, depending on experience, location, and the specific demands of the role. Read more

What does a CSS developer do?

A CSS developer is responsible for implementing the layout and design of web pages using CSS. They ensure that the visual aspects of a website are attractive, consistent across different devices, and aligned with the brand's goals. Read more

Why using FireHire for hiring CSS developers is the best choice?

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